Hay fever, also referred to as allergic rhinitis, is normally caused by our body’s extreme reaction to certain substances present in air such as, pollen, dust mites, fungi and mold spores, pet dander, etc. Hay fever is triggered when a victim’s immune system confuses a harmless foreign particle as a potential danger to the body and releases an antibody called immunoglobulin E to fight the threat. Though the symptoms of hay fever and common cold may seem alike, hay fever is on account of allergens in the air while common cold is caused by virus. Contrary to common thinking, hay fever is not caused by hay. In short, hay fever could be simply defines as a seasonal allergy characterized by sneezing fits, blocked nose, tickle in the roof of the mouth and sore, itchy eyes.
Some people develop hay fever only during some particular period of the year. That is because they are allergic to certain airborne substances present in the air during a particular season. In spring, the pollen allergens tend to come from the trees, in summer from grasses and in autumn from fungi. Studies show that approximately one out of every five persons in Western Europe and North America fall prey to some kind of hay fever at any point in time. Though hay fever is seen to affect people of any age group, the problem begins at a young age and slowly resolves on its own as the person reaches adulthood, and the allergic symptoms start decreasing slowly.
Hay fever is by far one of the most dreadful conditions to pick up during the spring and summer months especially. With more than 50 million people plagued with this irritating condition, the symptoms associated with hay fever are simply impossible to ignore for anyone. Some of the most common symptoms associated with hay fever are itchy and watery eyes, runny nose, sneezing, and of course that miserable, completely drained feeling! This can make the changing of seasons for an individual a major ordeal! If you have ever suffered with hay fever before, then you know exactly how miserable it can make you feel.
People that generally suffer from hay fever are people that have an allergic response to pollen as well as many other airborne antigens such as environmental pollutants or even fungal spores. The body’s over-reaction to these specific irritants will then cause the above symptoms of hay fever to occur. Generally your immune systems job is to respond to the antigens and will produce histamines that are meant to protect you from various types of foreign bodies. However, with people that are suffering from hay fever, their bodies will produce way too much antihistamine and therefore will results in those miserable and irritating symptoms.
If you have been told you suffer from Hay Fever, you may want to know What Causes Hay Fever. Also known medically as allergic rhinitis, hay fever is the human body’s response or allergic reaction to grains of pollen or other minute substances that can be found in the air. There are two types, defined by how often in the year a victim suffers from their ailment. Seasonal hay fever strikes at the time a specific allergen, usually some form of plant pollen, and is present in the air. The other type is perennial which means it lasts all year long.
If you have hay fever each spring, your allergen is tree pollen of some type. If your allergic reactions take place in the summer, you are allergic to grass and weed pollen. In the fall, some who suffer from hay fever are allergic to weeds or airborne spores of fungus. Unfortunately, some people may be allergic to more than one type of pollen, resulting in a longer period of suffering each year. Read More…
Allergic rhinitis, commonly known by many as hay fever, happens when the airways of the nasal parts become inflamed due to an allergen, which comes in the form of either pollen or dust. The allergic inflammation occurs when these particles enter the body via inhalation, which disrupts the normal process of the immune system. Once the hay fever symptoms start kicking in, the individual will experience physical distress along the nasal area.
Hay fever is triggered by an allergen. A person susceptible to allergic rhinitis experiences the symptoms after breathing pollen or dust, allowing the body to release chemicals known as histamine. As a result, the body undergoes itching, swelling and a strong production of the mucus. Pollens are small and very difficult to see. Examples of plants that release such allergen are trees, rag weeds and even grass. The quantity of pollen being carried by the air plays a vital role in whether or not the hay fever will be severe or not. Depending on the individual affected by this disease, the pollen might be harsher during hot, windy, and dry days, since most pollen is washed out during rainy and cold periods.
Hay fever symptoms depend on the individual’s immune system. Most of the time the allergy’s severity can be caused by genes. Some symptoms that the patient might experience after the inhalation of pollen can include an itchy nose, mouth, or even throat. Problems with the sense of smell are also experienced along with continuous sneezing and involuntary tearing of the eyes. If it comes to a point when the allergic rhinitis becomes more severe, the individual will most likely experience any of the following symptoms: coughing, runny nose, sore throat, clogged ears, puffy eyes, headache, fatigue, problems in memory and slow thinking.
If the individual begins to exhibit the hay fever symptoms listed above, treatment should be done as soon as possible to prevent further complications. The most important thing that needs to be done is to avoid the allergen. Remember that there exist many methods to treat hay fever. Doctors are more likely to prescribe different treatments depending on the symptoms, the age of the patient and other medical conditions that need addressing such as asthma, diabetes, etc.
The most common cure for allergic rhinitis or hay fever might come in the form of antihistamines. These can be consumed by mouth. The only downside to this medication is that it can induce sleep, which can disrupt the normal lifestyle of the patient. There are, however, newer forms of antihistamines that do not cause drowsiness. These can be bought over the counter without the prescription of the doctor. Another type of antihistamine comes in the form of nasal sprays called Astelin.
Hay fever symptoms must not be taken lightly. Once the first signs of allergic rhinitis begin to show, the individual must make it a point to go to the nearest doctor to have him or herself checked up in order to avoid the condition to turn worse.